Tandem Research

Technology, Society & Sustainable Futures


Tandem Research

Technology, Society & Sustainable Futures


Tandem Research is a multi-disciplinary research collective generating policy insights at the interface of technology, sustainability, and society.

We believe in finding iterative solutions to real world problems through evidence based enquiry and public engagement.


Research Clusters

Research Clusters


Technology & Society

Emerging technologies are rapidly disrupting existing societal patterns. Yet, the poor have limited access to even basic technologies and economies are locked into unsustainable technological systems.

Social Dimensions of Technology Transitions : Societal outcomes of technological change remain poorly understood and are rarely incorporated into planning processes. Explicit policies are needed to ensure that technological trajectories are sensitive to the impact of technology on social relationships and governance structures. 

Governance of Emerging Technologies : Emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligence and biotech pose complex and unique governance challenges. Technological advancement typically outpaces regulatory regimes, while the profound societal and environmental impacts of these technologies remain uncertain and unpredictable. 

Access to Technology Gains : Ensuring equality of access to technology gains is a major challenge. It is necessary to investigate who benefits from technology, how and at what cost. Policies are needed to promote technological applications for the development needs of the poor and support access. 

Hybrid Knowledge Systems : It is critical to ensure the survival of alternative forms of knowledge and traditional technologies and tools. Indian culture is a repository of significant alternative forms of knowledge pertaining to agriculture, water use, forest management, health, and textiles, among others.Integrating traditional knowledge systems with contemporary applications is a complex process.


Sustainability Transitions

The sustainability challenge will require major transformations in deeply entrenched political and socio-economic systems to balance societal and environmental needs.

Future of Cities : By 2030 40% of India will be urban. In addition to socio - economic and demographic trends, the negative impacts of climate change on rural agriculture based livelihoods are likely to drive migration to urban centers. How can cities be developed to be not only smart, but also  inclusive and environmentally resilient?

Risk to Resilience : Vulnerable communities living on marginal lands and informal settlements face multiple challenges in their everyday life which restrict their adaptive capacities to shocks. How can we support resilience to a range of  possible stresses and in particular related to climate change?

Localising SDGs with Design Thinking : Top-down approaches alone are inadequate for realising the SDGs.Change will have to be stewarded across multiple inter- locking levels and stakeholders. Design thinking puts end- users’ needs at the centre of the policy formulation system; scoping objectives and clarifying strategies through human-centered processes. 

Culture & Public Action : Social and cultural factors shape human choice and behaviour. Any major required public action must be sensitive to cultural factors in order to succeed. An interdisciplinary perspective on human behaviour is thus required, and can provide new tools for development policy.


Reflexive Governance

Current governance arrangements are ill-equipped to manage global commons and new forms of risk. Alternative frameworks that are reflexive and polycentric are urgently required.

Managing Transnational Risk : Existing governance arrangements are proving inadequate to respond effectively to transnational and systemic risks. Alternative governance arrangements need to explored, specifically modular and dispersed arrangements realised through participatory decision making and information dissemination. 

Polycentric governance & Climate Change : We enroll theoretical insights from Elinor Ostrom’s pioneering work on polycentric institutions to understand how a new, more flexible and transformative climate regime can be built around the Paris agreement

Global Fragility & Mobility : A growing number of states are characterized by chronic fragility, with weak governance leading to an inability or unwillingness to ensure the most fundamental human rights of citizens.Concurrently, there is greater human mobility than ever before. Global migration will continue to increase, particularly within the global south where political and ecological systems are already under stress. 

Inclusive Digital Economies : We take an ecological approach to understanding the impact of digital technologies and the required governance arrangements, with a particular focus on issues of labor and social protection, global platforms and standard-setting, data ownership and privacy, and environmental impact. 




Think Net

A collaborative research network that leverages interdisciplinary approaches for addressing complexities.




A co - creation framework that propagates knowledge product creation through public engagement


Policy Lab

A sandbox for facilitating hands-on, iterative sense making for policy research and experimentation




A focused service providing analysis and insights on development, sustainability, climate, and governance.



A dynamic platform for development delivered through a monsoon academy, residencies and fellowships.


About Us

About Us


Tandem Research was established in January 2017 by Urvashi Aneja and Vikrom Mathur. Our office is in Succoro, Goa - in a 100 year old manor house surrounded by mango trees. We are supported by a global network of researchers, including economists, sociologists, anthropologists, and engineers. If you're interesting in knowing more, or joining our network, drop us a line



Dr. Urvashi Aneja

Urvashi works on the governance and sociology of emerging technology; southern partnerships for humanitarian and development assistance; and the power and politics of global civil society. She has a PhD in International Relations from the University of Oxford. Urvashi is also Associate Professor at the OP Jindal Global University and Research Fellow at the Observer Research Foundation. She regularly advises the United Nations and other international organisations.

Dr Vikrom Mathur

Vikrom’s diverse research interests include adaptation and climate change; cultural perceptions of environmental risk; social dimensions of technological transitions; and the governance of emerging technologies. He has a PhD from the Institute of Science, Society, and Innovation at the University of Oxford. Vikrom is also Senior Fellow at the Observer Research Foundation, Associate Fellow at the Stockholm Environment Institute and Senior Associate of the Global Climate Adaptation Partnership.



We Will

Work across disciplinary boundaries to acknowledge the broadest sources of expertise.

Assess the infuence of power relations on knowledge and solutions.

Rely on history to think about future pathways.

Prioritize societal objectives when developing policy.

Develop adaptable solutions through iterative processes.

We Believe

Values and culture are the source of socio-political systems.

Societal objectives must be put at the forefront of technological change, rather than follow in its wake.

Society can shape the trajectory of technological development through policy

Steering technological trajectories towards equitable and sustainable outcomes requires inclusive governance.

Inclusive governance emerges when due consideration is given to diverse forms of culture and knowledge.